Antidepressant medications can have various side effects, and their severity and frequency can vary from person to person. The most common side effects of antidepressants typically include:
1. **Nausea**: Feeling queasy or having an upset stomach is a common side effect, especially when first starting the medication.
2. **Headache**: Some people may experience headaches, but these often diminish over time.
3. **Drowsiness or Insomnia**: Antidepressants can affect sleep patterns, leading to drowsiness in some and insomnia in others.
4. **Weight Changes**: Both weight gain and weight loss are possible side effects, depending on the specific antidepressant.
5. **Sexual Side Effects**: These may include reduced libido, difficulty achieving or maintaining an erection, or delayed orgasm.
6. **Dry Mouth**: A dry, cotton-mouth feeling can be a side effect of many antidepressants.
7. **Anxiety or Agitation**: Some individuals may experience increased anxiety, restlessness, or nervousness.
8. **Dizziness or Lightheadedness**: Feeling dizzy when standing up, especially when moving from a sitting or lying position, can occur.
9. **Sweating**: Increased sweating, sometimes excessively, is another common side effect.
10. **Tremors**: Shaking or trembling of the hands is a possibility with certain antidepressants.
11. **Constipation or Diarrhea**: Changes in bowel habits, including constipation or diarrhea, can occur.
12. **Blurred Vision**: Some people may experience vision disturbances, but this is less common.
It's important to note that not everyone will experience these side effects, and many side effects tend to be temporary, often improving as the body adjusts to the medication. Additionally, different classes of antidepressants, such as SSRIs, SNRIs, tricyclics, and MAOIs, can have distinct side effect profiles. Always consult with a healthcare provider when considering or taking antidepressant medications to discuss potential side effects and find the most suitable treatment for your specific needs.