Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is usually caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) and can be detected through routine Pap tests. Symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during sex, and pelvic pain. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a combination of these approaches. Regular cervical cancer screenings and HPV vaccinations are important for prevention and early detection.