WHO defines mental health as mental well-being in which an individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and is able to make a contribution to his or her community. In this positive sense, mental health is the foundation for individual well-being and the effective functioning of a community.
Mental health has an impact on:
1. Educational outcome
2. Productivity at work
3. Development of positive personal relationships
4. Crime rate
5. Alcohol & drugs abuse
The mental health is linked to behaviour and seen as fundamental to physical health and quality of life.
1. Physical health and mental health are closely associated and it is proved beyond doubt that depression leads to heart and vascular disease.
2. Mental disorders also effects person health behaviour like eating sensibly, regular exercise, adequate sleep, engaging in safe sexual practices, alcohol and tobacco use, adhering to medical therapies thus increasing the risk of physical illness.
3. Mental ill health also leads to social problems like unemployment, broken families, poverty, drug abuse and related crime.
4. Poor mental health plays a significant role in diminished immune functioning.
Medically ill patients with depression have a worse outcome than those without.
6. Chronic illness like diabetes, cancer, heart disease increases the risk of depression.