asked in Science+Technology by (48 points) 2 5

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answered by LEGEND (6,391 points) 5 10 21

First and foremost mutation refers to the change in the structure of the gene.Mutation in plants causes a change in the appearance of flowers, stem and the fruits of the plant. A plant might change but over a period of time it regains its original colour but not all the plants. Mutation results from random change in the cell of a plant, change in climatic conditions or damage by the plant insects. If mutation occurs in a growing plant, the shoot can be affected and will give rise to the whole cell lines.

Genetic mutation isn't a problem and can be controlled by pruning the affected area or the whole plant completely. If the plant is allowed to grow, this gene might be transfered to the next generation.
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answered by ELITE (3,032 points) 5 21 40
Mutations are heritable, sudden changes in the structure of the gene, which has no relation to the individual's ancestry. These may be manifested by the changes in a plant's foliage, flowers, fruits, and even stems. Several factors such as environmental stress may trigger and influence the rate of mutation or the number of mutation that an organism will undergo; however, this will still not guarantee the direction where mutations would occur. Mutations do not happen to provide plants the traits that they need, as some of these changes may also be harmful. In fact, results of experiment reveal that mutations are random in nature. Hence, even though an organism is regularly exposed in an undesirable environment, this does not mean that mutations would instantly occur.
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answered by LEGEND (6,077 points) 6 9 22
Basically, mutation is talking about the alteration that happens in the genes of either plant or animal. And alteration brings along the unneeded changes in this gene. A slight change in gene means corresponding change in the characteristics of that plant.Apparently, this would significantly affect the inherent structure of the plant.

And for this, the plant would be forced to under physical changes, which could lead to stunted growth, bend in stem, immature of fruit yield, and many more. The plant could as well suffer from proneness to all sort of diseases, which could lead to its death, that's if the mutation is not given the needed correction.

The causes of mutation we should be aware of are factors which could either be genetic or environmental. Genetic cause of mutation is as a result of affected gene been transfered from parent plant to the daughter plant. While environmental factors are chemicals used is treating plant.

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