Different trees are pruned differently annually. Some of the steps during pruning include: cleaning up- start by making the farm clean, removing any wood or dead leaves, also those sprouts growing from the tree trunk.
2.)Do some thinning to allow air and light to pass through to reach the branches well.This will give rise to well spaced branches and will boost fruit production.
3.)Do head back-so that the branches are shorter and thicker to allow growth.
During pruning, you should take some precautions for instance, the blade you used in cleaning should be dipped in a solution of isopropyl alcohol this will act as a disinfectant. Also another precaution should be, throwing away the the dust collected in the right place because they might contain diseases.