The fight between the Jews and the Arabs over Palestine goes back to 1922. Over 2000 years ago when Rome conquered Israel they gave this piece of land the name Palestine. The Romans were thrown out of Palestine and this land became the property of one Arab or Moslem empire after another since the 7th century. Just before the land became available in 1922 the land was part of Turkish Ottoman Empire. The Turkish Ottman Empire held this land for nearly 400 years until 1922 when it became available again after World War 1. This is when the British and the French defeated Turkey and stripped them of all their lands.
In 1922 the League of Nations decided who would become sovereign over this land and gave 99& of the territory to the Arabs with France and Britan as the temporary trustees of the land. The Arabs had an issue with this and decided that Palestine should become part of the Arab nation known as Syril because they had ruled this land for a millennium.
Five years or so after the war, the British government urged that Palestine should be set aside as the site for the Jewish homeland for the Jewish people. They said that Jerersloum was the capital of the land. The Jews who did go to Palestine started to build up the nation and help the economics of the states. This in return did attract more Arabs to come to the land to settle. They thought that setting the land aside would be beneficial to the peace and economic growth and that the Jewish people would be the ones to maintain peace in this region.
During WWWII, the British and French needed help to defeat the German and they called upon the Arab people to help them. At this time the British nation changed their minds and now wouldn't let any Jew find a safe place to live. Therefore, millions of Jews were killed during the war. After the war, the remaining Jews were finally granted passage to Palestine.
After the war, the League of Nations did give part of the land to the Jewish people. They are claiming that the decision made was not because of the Holocaust and t his portion of the land had already been given to the Jewish people by the League of Nations earlier.
Over the years many wars have broken out because the Arabs still think this is their land and they want the Jewish people to get out. In 1967 there were still fights over this land and they thought it was up to the UNSC to decide who this land belonged to. In 1977 the president of Egypt went to Isreal and proposed that the two countries make peace with each other.
The main reason for all this fighting is a small piece of land that is roughly 1600 square mile and located west of the Jordan River. The Jordan occupied this land from 1949 to 1967.