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Examples of Cybersecurity Issues: Advanced Cyber Threats (APTs) Targeting Intellectual Property


By 2024, large multinational companies involved in technology and innovation will be affected by Advanced Cyber Threats (APTs) that seek to steal valuable intellectual property. Threat actors that receive funding and organization, often sponsored by state countries or special interests, are executing long-range cyberattacks known as APTs. 

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Scenario: 


Target: A global technology company known for research and development. 


Attack Vector: Social Networking Techniques, such as highly persuasive phishing emails, are used to gain initial access to corporate networks. Once inside, attackers deliver malicious malware that exploits undetected  vulnerabilities. 


Purpose: The primary purpose is to release sensitive intellectual property, including unpublished product designs, source code, and proprietary algorithms. 

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Methods: 


Lateral Movement: Attackers utilize lateral movement to move back across the network and gain valuable data by expanding their control. 


Data Exfiltration: Threat actors use hidden channels to secretly download stolen intellectual property without raising security alerts. 


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Mitigation Strategies: 


Employee Training: Conduct cyber security awareness training to teach employees how to recognize and report phishing attempts. 


Endpoint Protection: Deploy endpoint protection solutions that detect and prevent malicious software, including malicious threats. 


Network Segmentation: Use network segmentation to limit lateral movement in a corporate network to reduce the impact of a breach. 


Trustless Architecture: Implements a trustless security model where trust is not guaranteed and access rights are robust based on user identity, device health, and other context factors. 


Share threat intelligence: Stay informed about new APT programs by sharing threat intelligence with industry partners and relevant cybersecurity organizations. 


Incident Response Plan: Develop and periodically test an incident response plan to ensure a rapid and effective response in the event of a Cybersecurity incident. 


Encryption: Implement strong encryption protocols to protect sensitive data, making it difficult for malicious actors to access or manipulate stolen information. Make sure to utilize these technical encryption methods, such as Full Disk Encryption, File-Level Encryption, Transport Layer Security for Data in Transit, Secure Sockets Layer, End-to-End Encryption, Homomorphic Encryption, Secure Multi Party Computation, Hardware Security Modules, and Zero-Knowledge Proofs. Make sure to stay current with the latest security standards and protocols. Regularly update systems and applications to ensure they benefit from the latest security enhancements.  

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In 2024 I think many company needs that type of problem solver. I don't know companies personally but you can reach them with linkdin and twitter and other these types platforms.
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Example of a 2024 Cybersecurity Issue for Big Corporations:

Issue: Supply Chain Cyberattacks Targeting Embedded Systems in Industrial IoT (IIoT)

Explanation:

In 2024, big corporations, especially those heavily reliant on Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) devices, will face growing threats from supply chain cyberattacks targeting embedded systems within these devices. These attacks exploit vulnerabilities in the software or hardware of IIoT components, often introduced by third-party suppliers, to gain access to critical corporate networks and infrastructure.

Why is this a major issue?

Increased reliance on IIoT: Industries across various sectors, like manufacturing, energy, and transportation, are rapidly integrating IIoT devices into their operations. This creates a vast attack surface for malicious actors.

Hidden vulnerabilities in embedded systems: Many IIoT devices use embedded systems with outdated software and limited security patching capabilities, making them susceptible to exploitation.

Supply chain weaknesses: Attackers can target vulnerabilities within the supply chain, compromising components before they reach the end user, creating widespread exposure.

Potential consequences: Successful attacks can disrupt operations, cause physical damage, steal sensitive data, and lead to financial losses.

Mitigation Strategies:

Implement secure coding practices and rigorous testing throughout the supply chain.

Enforce secure configuration and patch management for all IIoT devices.

Conduct regular vulnerability assessments and penetration testing.

Monitor network traffic for anomalies and suspicious activity.

Invest in threat intelligence and incident response capabilities.

Collaborate with suppliers to improve communication and security practices.

Staying Ahead of the Curve:

The landscape of cyber threats is constantly evolving, and big corporations need to stay proactive in addressing emerging challenges like supply chain attacks. By implementing robust security measures across the entire supply chain and staying informed about new threats, companies can minimize their risk and protect their critical infrastructure.

Note: This is just one example, and the specific risks and vulnerabilities may vary depending on the industry and individual corporation.
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An example is Quantum Computing Threats to Encryption. Background: A large corporation relies on strong encryption to protect sensitive data and communication. Quantum computers, with their exponentially increased computing power, pose a potential threat to traditional encryption algorithms. Threat Vector: 1. Quantum Cryptanalysis:** With the emergence of powerful quantum computers, attackers could exploit vulnerabilities in widely- used encryption algorithms, such as RSA and ECC, using quantum algorithms like Shor's algorithm to break cryptographic keys efficiently. Impact: 1. Data Exposure: Confidential data that was previously considered secure becomes vulnerable to unauthorized access as quantum computers can quickly factorize large numbers, compromising the integrity of encryption. 2. Communication Interception: Encrypted communications, both within the corporate network and with external partners, could be intercepted and decrypted by malicious actors equipped with quantum technology. 3. Long-term Security Risks: The corporation faces long-term security risks as traditional encryption methods become obsolete, potentially leading to a gradual erosion of trust in the confidentiality and integrity of sensitive information.
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A potential cybersecurity issue for a big corporation in 2024 could involve defending against advanced ransomware attacks targeting critical infrastructure systems. Mitigation efforts include implementing robust network segmentation, regular security updates, and comprehensive employee training on phishing awareness and incident response protocols.
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