Whether or not tarsiers are social animals depends on the species. Some species of tarsiers are solitary, while others live in pairs or small groups. The groups often consist of a dominant male, several females, and their dependent young. Tarsiers are territorial, with both solitary and social species marking their home ranges.
The most social species of tarsier is the spectral tarsier (Tarsius tarsier). Spectral tarsiers live in groups of up to eight individuals, and they cooperate in raising their young. The male spectral tarsier helps to care for the young by carrying them and feeding them.
Other species of tarsiers, such as the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius syrichta) and the western tarsier (Tarsius bancanus), are less social. These species of tarsiers typically live alone or in pairs. However, they may come together to mate or to raise their young.
Tarsiers communicate with each other using a variety of vocalizations, including chirps, whistles, and trills. They also use scent marking to communicate with each other.
Tarsiers are an important part of the Southeast Asian ecosystem, and play a role in controlling insect populations. However, tarsiers are also threatened by habitat loss, hunting, and the illegal pet trade.
It is important to protect tarsiers and their habitat so that these amazing creatures can continue to thrive.