asked in Health+Fitness by (16 points) 2 14

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answered by LEGEND (6,391 points) 5 10 21
This mostly occurs in women after pregnancy and before menopause.

Iodine deficiency can cause complications in the female reproductive system than in the males. This is because, women are more sensitive to hormonal changes and they react to them faster.

Pregnant women are very sensitive to iodine deficiency because the foetus begins to form its thyroid glands and takes iodine from the mother.

Its highly recommenned to use iodized salt.
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answered by LEGEND (6,075 points) 6 9 22

It is not surprising that thyroid diseases are common in woman that men, because this can be attributed to the hormonal differences between the both. The females folks are highly predisposed to thyroid diseases due to changes they go through after pregnancy and after menstruation. 

Basically, insufficient production of thyroid hormone known as thyroxine by the thyroid gland, leads to the condition called hypothyroidism. This condition is accomopanied by symptoms such as, fatigue, weight gain or loss, infertility, constipation, etc. 

Generally, hypothyroidism often occurs due to autoimmune disease called Hishimoto, whereby the thyroid gland is unable to secrete enough thyroxine needed for the normal body functioning. 

As for the female's hypothyroidism, the fluctuation of this thyroxine after conception and menstruation make them susceptible to thyroid diseases.

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